4. 3. A compound sentence allows us to share a lot of information by combining two or more related thoughts into one sentence. Multiple sentences can be served concurrently (at the same time) or consecutively (one after another), and single sentences could be deferred or suspended based on certain conditions. The penalties for the possession of crack cocaine are substantially higher than those for powder cocaine. or Is John here? In that scenario, the jury must determine how the defendant should serve out his sentences. Supporters also cite statistics indicating that the number of federal drug convictions doubled from 1985 to 1993. Rather, the pattern of violations indicates a life of lawlessness deserving severe penalty. However, if a sentence is suspended prior to the execution, it means that a judge has decided on a sentence, but has refrained from actually carrying it out. Check out these complete sentences. How to use determine in a sentence. 163+11 sentence examples: 1. Difference Between Determinate Sentencing and Indeterminate Sentencing Forer, Lois G. 1994. Writing sentences in its proper form plays an essential role in communication. Rptr. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Definition of determine written for English Language Learners from the Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary with audio pronunciations, usage examples, and count/noncount noun labels. An example of determine is measuring a piece of fabric before cutting it to size. Find more ways to say determine, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. He then appealed to the Ninth Circuit, which reversed the denial of the petition in Andrade v. Lockyer, 270 F.3d 743 (9th Cir. What is a Run-on Sentence? 1994. Otherwise, their opponents will surely beat them. A similar case involved Steve Gordon, who had turned to petty crime to support his drug habit after he was fired from his job in 1985. Columbia Law Review 95: 1232. Opponents counter that most of those who were convicted were first-time offenders or low-level drug dealers, not the powerful drug kingpins whom the laws were designed to ensnare. Negative Sentences. (adjective) She is determined to be a doctor. Decided or resolved. Our deeds determine us, much as we determine our deeds. Andrade appealed his sentence to a California appellate court, which upheld the trial court's ruling and rejected, among other claims, that the sentence violated Andrade's Eighth Amendment rights. But what exactly are they? Spectrum: the Journal of State Government (winter). She couldn't determine if she'd won this round or not. Read the sentence, then use context clues to determine the definition of parameters. Constituent Definition Every sentence (and every phrase and clause) has constituents. Your attitude, not your aptitude, will determine your altitude. sentencing: an overview. What does determine mean? Determinate sentence is a sentence of confinement for a specific or minimum period specified by statute. A 1994 survey of federal judges conducted by the American Bar Association found that a majority strongly supported repealing most or all mandatory minimum sentences. sentencing: an overview A criminal sentence refers to the formal legal consequences associated with a conviction. : A traditional economy is a system where traditions, customs, belief systems, and inheritance determine the answer to the three economic questions. Reske, Henry J. Synonym Discussion of determine. Detest: Everyone else at the party wanted garbage pizza but Tim because he detested vegetables. Context Clues 2.1 Directions: read each sentence and determine the meaning of the word using cross sentence clues or your prior knowledge. Another classification is unconditional or conditional. Leandro Andrade received a life sentence with no possibility for Parole for 50 years for stealing nine videotapes worth a total of $153.54. Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, who wrote the majority opinion, disagreed, stating that Justice Souter's argument "misses the point." de-tur'-min: (1) "To resolve," "decide." CK 1 294737 He was determined to go abroad. determine. Victim's anger as fantasist who fed her laxatives is freed, Judge pours cold water on hot-tub robber's bid, YOUTH INCARCERATION, HEALTH, AND LENGTH OF STAY, Thug who battered tot to watch the X Factor in peace is jailed for 13 years; VIOLENT BABY ATTACK BRUTE CAGED; Man punched little girl for crying during TV show, From grace to grids: rethinking due process protection for parole, Judges reject appeal by thug who attacked his ex with knife, Determinants of Executive Function & Dysfunction, Determinants of Outcome of Severe Mental Disorders, Determination d'Orbite et Radiopositionement Integre par Satellite. They became popular in the 1980s, when public concern over crime increased dramatically and the public demanded stringent laws to address the crime problem. 3. A compound-complex sentence contains at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause. Determinate sentence is a sentence of confinement for a specific or minimum period specified by statute. The fact that the 50-year sentence was essentially a life sentence because of the age of the defendant did not change the outcome, a point that Justice david souter raised in a dissent. These felony convictions for petty theft counted as "strikes" three and four against Andrade. Critics have attacked the enhanced and mandatory penalties for possession of crack as discriminatory. She would determine which case had the best chance of success. While judges do have many criminal sentencing options, in some cases there are federal and state laws that provide for mandatory sentences. Setting clear parameters, such as rules, guidelines, or instructions, helps people understand what is expected of them. Crack is a less expensive form of cocaine that is smoked rather than snorted. The purposes of the law are to incapacitate repeat offenders and to deter others from committing crimes. 4. By Alibhai (who also sired Your Host and whose own sire, Hyperion … determined meaning: 1. wanting to do something very much and not allowing anyone or any difficulties to stop you: 2…. Another word for determine. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Sentence definition, a grammatical unit of one or more words that expresses an independent statement, question, request, command, exclamation, etc., and that typically has a subject as well as a predicate, as in John is here. 868. The decision resolved a dispute between state and federal courts in California. To explore this concept, consider the following indeterminate sentencing definition. A negative sentence is a sentence that states that something is false. 2. A sentence to confinement for a fixed or minimum period that is specified by statute. WestofEden 1 2542522 I'll determine how we proceed. 1K. 2001). "Mandatory Sentencing: Do Tough Sentencing Laws Reduce Crime?" 1995. Under that statute, a federal court may grant a writ of habeas corpus if a state court correctly identifies a legal principle from U.S. Supreme Court decisions, but incorrectly applies the principle to the facts of the case under review. Determinate sentencing encompasses sentencing guidelines, mandatory minimum sentences, and enhanced sentences for certain crimes. Every complete sentence needs two things: a subject and a predicate. Critics contend that the punishment is sometimes out of proportion to the crime. : When standing water was no longer observable at a site, a monitoring well was used to determine … Types of sentences include probation, fines, short-term incarceration, suspended sentences, which only take effect if the convict fails to meet certain conditions, payment of restitution to the victim, community service, or drug and alcohol rehabilitation for minor crimes. A jail or prison sentence that is definite and not subject to review by a parole board or other agency. It held that the sentence was so grossly disproportionate to Andrade's crime that it violated the Eighth Amendment's prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. In print or writing, a sentence … See more. An example of determined is a voter who goes into a voting booth knowing exactly who they'll be voting for. In July 1994, Judge Lawrence Antolini, of the Sonoma County, California, Superior Court, challenged California's three-strikes law by sentencing Jeffrey Missamore, a three-time offender, to Probation and drug treatment instead of the 25 years to life that the statute mandated. These laws have been a source of considerable controversy. The appeals court noted that, while all other states enhance sentences for repeat offenders, California's law is unusually strict. A complete sentence is the opposite of that moment in a television show. Determinate definition: Determinate means fixed and definite . Compare. He launched a determined attack on … O'Connell, John P. 2. Determine definition, meaning and example sentences. In March 1994, during a hearing before the House Appropriations Committee on the U.S. Supreme Court's budget, Justice anthony m. kennedy, of the Supreme Court, called mandatory sentence legislation imprudent, unwise, and potentially unjust. Opponents claim that from 1986 to 1991, when determinate sentencing was used extensively, violent crime continued to increase, even as the rate of incarceration rose dramatically. This website focus on english words and example sentences, so everyone can learn how to use them. A wanderer who is determined to reach his destination does not fear the rain. An example of determine is deciding to paint … The state petitioned the appellate court to overturn Antolini's probation order. "Traditional attempts to define the sentence were generally either psychological or logical-analytic in nature: the former type spoke of 'a complete thought' or some other inaccessible psychological phenomenon; the latter type, following Aristotle, expected to find every sentence made up of a logical subject and logical predicate, units that themselves rely on the sentence for their definition. "Having rightly found that the appellant was dangerous, it was within the judge's discretion to conclude that a simple, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Lock killer drivers up for life, says mum of girl who died on 19th birthday, Pervert jailed for child sex images; 24.YEAR.OLD VIEWED ABUSE DESPITE REHABILITATION COURSE, Rapist made threats to blow up police station, Rapist taunts victim in prison letter saying 'next time I will break you'; Daniel Jeffery told his victim that he would attack her again when he is released, adding: "Hell is here", Thug attacked mum and girl, 7, in early hours; man sobs in dock as judge tells him to expect long jail term, This evil man poisoned me for three and a half years .. why was he in jail for less than 21 months? 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