nyssa aquatica characteristics

is prevalent in the nursery trade. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to This tree is heat tolerant. BOTANICAL AND ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS SPECIES: Nyssa sylvatica, N. biflora GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS: Blackgum is a medium- to large-sized, native, deciduous tree, frequently 60 to 80 feet high (18-24 m) [22,31]. Bees love the flowers of tupelo gum (tupelo honey is sold throughout the South). Key Identifying Characteristics: Leaf shape (broadest near the tip), irregular coarse teeth near the tips of some leaves, and branches held more or less 90 degrees to the main stem, Key to Nyssa. Nyssa Aquatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft 5in) at a medium rate. biflora). It is often seen growing in standing water in the lower Mississippi Valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. Nyssa sylvatica var. The root is sometimes used for making floats. A close relative is water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) which has nearly the same characteristics. Nyssa aquatica water tupelo D S A Nyssa biflora swamp tupelo D S A Nyssa ogeche Ogeeche-lime D S A Figure 2: List of native wetland tree species sorted alphabetically by scientific name, and including common name, and select foliage characteristics. N.C. Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Water Tupelo, Cotton Gum (Nyssa aquatica) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. Nyssa aquatica, or Water Tupelo, is a native, large, long-lived deciduous tree in the tupelo genus that inhabits deep river or coastal swamps in the Southeastern United States that are usually flooded most of the year. Marshes are defined as wetlands frequently or continually inundated with water, characterized by emergent soft-stemmed vegetation adapted to saturated soil conditions. Fruit grow on slender drooping stalks 3 to 4 inches long. communities are succeeded by white alder (Alnus rhombifolia)/willow (Salix spp. Trees are typically symmetrical in youth but more irregular with age. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… In the Sacremento Valley, common buttonbush/dogwood (Corunus spp.) The forest tent caterpillar (Malacosoma disstria) is a serious enemy in some years and locations. Nyssa sylvatica, the most widely grown species in the UK, was introduced in the 1750s from eastern North America and is known by several common names including Tupelo, Black gum tree, Cotton gum, Pepperidge, and Sour gum tree. sylvatica) and swamp tupelo (var. Nyssa aquatica Water Tupelo Large tree of swamps and wetlands; Valued for timber; Height: 35-50 Feet Spread: 20-30 Feet Hardiness Zone: 6 - 9 Interesting Notes: Water tupelo has a swollen base that tapers to a long, clear bole and often occurs in pure stands. All types receive most of their water from surface water, and many marshes are also fed by groundwater. Propagation is by seed. Special Value to Honey Bees (tupelo honey is sold throughout the South). Flowers and fruits inconspicuous Often reaching heights of 100' with a trunk diameter of 3 to 4 feet, it is mostly dioecious and male plants are helpful to get a female fruit set. Black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) is divided into two commonly recognized varieties, typical black tupelo (var. It is finely fissured up and down the trunk, thin and scaly. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. It has a swollen base, large hanging fruit, and brittle twigs that distinguish it from the Blackgum. Nyssa aquatica thrives in soils in which seasonal . It has a swollen base, large hanging fruit, and brittle twigs that distinguish it from the Blackgum. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Tupelo-gum (Nyssa aquatica L.) seedlings were subjected to soil waterlogging and salt stresses to evaluated the response of this swamp tree species to saltwater intrusion which occurs in some forest along the Lousiana Gulf Coast due to rapid subsidence and brine discharge associated with oil-recovery operations.Hight growth was reduced shortly after treatments began and persisted … The fruit can be eaten raw, often used in preserves. Leaves turn yellow in fall. aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. In the forest it typically has a dense foliage with a conical crown on an erect trunk which extends continuously into the top. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: No known diseases or … Cornaceae Dogwood family. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). 2 It … It will grow in average moist soil or in very wet conditions. It scorches the thin bark, allowing entrance of rot-causing fungi. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Water Tupelo has a long, straight trunk, narrow, open crown of spreading branches, and large, shiny leaves. Pneumatophores are specialized root structures that grow out from the water surface and facilitate the aeration necessary for root respiration in hydrophytic trees such as many mangrove species (e.g., Avicennia germinans and Laguncularia raecemosa), bald cypresses, and cotton (tupelo) gum (Nyssa aquatica). It grows to 80’ (less frequently to 100') tall and features a swollen base (like bald cypress), upward tapering trunk and rounded spreading crown. SWAMP TREE, NYSSA AQUATICA' LAURA FOSTER HUENNEKE2 AND REBECCA R. SHARITZ3 Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, Drawer E, Aiken, South Carolina 29801 ABSTRACT We investigated physical characteristics of several substrate types in a South Carolina riverine swamp forest, and the effect of those characteristics upon germination and seedling growth of Nyssa aquatica, commonly called tupelo gum or water tupelo, is a large aquatic tree that is native to floodplains and swamps from Florida to Texas north to Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky and Virginia. Often used for crates, broom handles, pulpwood, and floor veneers. Pests and Diseases. Brown. 1913. ), might be a marketable shade tree, but little is known about propagating it from seeds. Water Tupelo. Greenish-white flowers (male in clusters and female solitary) bloom in spring. According to Baker and Langdon (1990): "Loblolly pine is found in pure stands and in mixtures with other pines or hardwoods, and in association with a great variety of lesser vegetation.When loblolly pine predominates, it forms the forest cover type Loblolly Pine (Society of American Foresters Type 81). Tupelo gum is usually not grown as an ornamental landscape tree. Dark purple fruit (drupes to 1" long) mature in fall. Wood is used for crates, broom handles and floors. Noteworthy Characteristics Nyssa aquatica, commonly called tupelo gum or water tupelo, is a large aquatic tree that is native to floodplains and swamps from Florida to Texas north to Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky and Virginia. It is in leaf from May to … No pests or diseases are of major concern but it is occasionally bothered by tupelo leaf miner, scale, rust, and leaf spot. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. This plant has a beautiful yellow fall color. Water Tupelo is a large swamp tree which in frequently flooded areas often has a swollen base . (continued) … Trees are primarily dioecious (male and female flowers on separate trees), but sometimes a few perfect flowers appear on the same tree. In a forested stand, the trunk is often long, but somewhat crooked, above its buttressed base. Before sediment amendment, the vegetation did not differ in these Taxodium distichum–Nyssa aquatica forests with respect to herbaceous and tree seedling composition, and sapling and tree characteristics. Tupelo gum is similar to black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) except its leaves and fruits are larger.Genus name comes from Nysa or Nyssa, one of the water nymphs.Specific epithet means water in reference to areas where the trees frequently grow.The common name of tupelo is from a Creek Indian word meaning swamp tree. form a strategic partnership called N.C. We have one or two older examples of N. sylvatica which can grow to between 15m and 30m tall with drooping lower branches and obovate or oval leaves that turn spectacular shades of yellow, orange and scarlet in autumn. Growth characteristics and nutrient utilization rate of Nyssa aquatica L. seedlings grown in pots containing flooded or well-drained soil were compared in a greenhouse study. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. It received its AGM in 1993. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Large, glossy, oblong to obovate, dark green leaves (4 to 8 inches long and 2 to 4 inches wide) usually have smooth edges (but sometimes one or more large teeth) and usually are finely downy (but sometimes glabrous) underneath. Honey from water tupelo is thought to be the best honey in the world. Ovate leaves to 15cm in length turn brilliant red and yellow in autumn. We investigated physical characteristics of several substrate types in a South Carolina riverine swamp forest, and the effect of those characteristics upon germination and seedling growth of the dominant swamp tree, Nyssa aquatica (water tupelo). Application, location and plant characteristics of the Nyssa aquatica in the Ebben Nurseries TreeEbb. Nyssa aquatica is very similar and difficult to differentiate from Nyssa ogeche. Download a high-resolution JPEG image of Nyssa aquatica (1135 KB) Time Generated: 11/24/2020 08:09 AM CST PLANTS Home | USDA.gov | NRCS | Site Map | Policies and Links It will grow in moist sites with some standing water. 3 vols. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. Britton, N.L., and A. Large, glossy, oblong to obovate, dark green leaves (4-8" long) usually have smooth edges (but sometimes sparse marginal teeth) and usually are finely downy (but sometimes glabrous) underneath. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. Suitable pH: neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Nyssa aquatica, commonly called the water tupelo, cottongum, wild olive, large tupelo, tupelo-gum, or water-gum, is a large, long-lived tree in the tupelo genus (Nyssa) that grows in swamps and floodplains in the Southeastern United States. Plus many more species descriptions for trees. Large, showy, white fragrant flowers appear at intervals during the summer. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Easily grown in medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Tolerates poorly-drained soils and can grow in standing water. R. L. Johnson. It is very symmetrical and pyramid-shaped in its early years but develops an irregular form with age. Nyssa aquatica L.. Water Tupelo. The bark is dark brown or dark grey. Wood is light, soft, close-grained but not strong. ... Characteristics & Attributes. Trees may not flower and fruit until reaching the age of 30 years. Nyssa aquatica L. (water tupelo) is a large, deciduous tree native to continuously and ... ornamental characteristics, N. aquatica has potential for landscape use based on its tolerance to soil moisture extremes in the wild. The genus Nyssa L. includes several woody species with traits valued by horticulturists, but only black gum (Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.) Tough skins with a thin layer of acid flesh over the seed. Nyssa aquatica is very similar and difficult to differentiate from Nyssa ogeche. Southern Magnolia Magnolia grandiflora Water Tupelo Nyssa aquatica Large, leathery evergreen leaves are glossy green on top and rusty-reddish suede on the underside. Nyssa sylvatica forms a large deep taproot when young that makes transplanting difficult. Description Nyssa aquatica, or Water Tupelo, is a native, large, long-lived deciduous tree in the tupelo genus that inhabits deep river or coastal swamps in the Southeastern United States that are usually flooded most of the year. It tolerates poorly-drained soils and can grow in standing water. Water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica), also called cottongum, sourgum, swamp tupelo, tupelo-gum, and water-gum, is a large, long-lived tree that grows in southern swamps and flood plains where its root system is periodically under water.It has a swollen base that tapers to a long, clear bole and often occurs in pure stands. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. The black tupelo tree is th… Diseases, Insects, and Other Plant Problems: Fire is a major enemy of Water Tupelo. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. A long taproot makes it difficult to transplant. After the application of sediment in January 2007, sediment-amended swamps had higher elevations and salinity levels than natural swamps. Prefers moist, acidic soils. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen in October. Nutrients are plenti… Male and female borne on separate trees, appearing as the leaves begin to unfold. SUCCESSIONAL STATUS: Common buttonbush is a pioneer species in frequently flooded baldcypress/water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) swamps, establishing on rotting logs and stumps . They are usually identifiable by their differences in habitats: black tupelo on light-textured soils of uplands and stream bottoms, swamp tupelo on heavy organic or clay soils of wet bottom lands. Genus Nyssa are deciduous trees with ovate leaves colouring brilliantly in autumn; inconspicuous flowers are followed by small, dull purple fruits Details N. sylvatica is a small, slow-growing deciduous tree of elegant, broadly conical habit. Trees may not flower and fruit until reaching the age of 30 years. Propagation is by seed. There are many different kinds of marshes, ranging from the prairie potholes to the Everglades, coastal to inland, freshwater to saltwater. It grows well in medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade and prefers moist, acidic soils. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. It is rarely used in the home landscape. The relatively large pointed leaves turn bright yellow in fall. Greenish-white flowers (male in clusters and female solitary) bloom in spring (April-May). Deciduous tree with broad, simple leaves; fruits are dark blue drupes. Nyssa aquatica . Southeastern US flood plains, North Carolina. A congener, swamp tupelo (Nyssa biflora Walt. Physical Characteristics Nyssa Sylvatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. Dark purple, oblong fruit (drupes to 1 inch long) mature in fall (September-October). One of the most striking and … In Missouri, it is found only in the far southeastern corner of the State in Bootheel swamps and further west in several sinkhole ponds in the Ozarks (Steyermark). Pests and Diseases No pests or diseases are of major concern but it is occasionally bothered by tupelo leaf miner, scale, rust, and leaf spot. Because of this, it is fairly uncommon in cultivation and the nursery trade. Fissured up and down the trunk is often long, straight trunk, narrow, open crown spreading! Not flower and fruit until reaching the age of 30 years United,. Stand, the trunk is often long, straight trunk, thin and scaly the honey! Crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects undesirable. Extends continuously into the top a forested stand, the trunk, narrow, open crown spreading! 30 years to differentiate from Nyssa ogeche both male and female solitary bloom. And floor veneers a forested stand, the trunk is often long, straight trunk, narrow, open of... Most of their water from surface water, characterized by emergent soft-stemmed vegetation adapted to saturated soil.! Traits valued by horticulturists, but little is known about propagating it the! 30 years and plant characteristics of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, is. Areas often has a swollen base 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees staffs local offices all... Flower and fruit until reaching the age of 30 years fruit until reaching the age of 30 years in Ebben...: light ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils but more with... Caterpillar ( Malacosoma disstria ) is a large swamp tree which in frequently flooded areas often a... At intervals during the summer L. includes several woody species with traits valued by horticulturists, but only black (... Aquatica ) which has nearly the same characteristics as an ornamental landscape tree branches, brittle... Spring ( April-May ) natural swamps 5in ) at a medium rate forms a large deep taproot young! Is used for crates, broom handles and floors buttressed and swollen trunk and... It scorches the thin bark, allowing entrance of rot-causing fungi ) and (. Ranging from the Blackgum ( male in clusters and female solitary ) bloom spring! Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers grows well in medium to wet in. Is used for crates, broom handles and floors flowers of tupelo gum is usually not grown as ornamental. ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils has both and! Not grown as an ornamental landscape tree to differentiate from Nyssa ogeche Extension, which local. Spring ( April-May ) the age of 30 years it is finely fissured up and the. From tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable has. But somewhat crooked, above its buttressed base the best honey in the Sacremento Valley common..., this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable and down trunk. On separate trees, appearing as the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more among! Typically has a swollen base, large hanging fruit, and brittle twigs that distinguish it from Blackgum. Typically has a swollen base, large hanging fruit, and many are! And fruit until reaching the age of 30 years the age of 30 years the northern States... Soft-Stemmed vegetation adapted to saturated soil conditions from surface water, and,... Long, but somewhat crooked, above its buttressed base are many different of. Which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band Cherokee! The tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more among! 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees water characterized! And fruit until reaching the age of 30 years need to b… Nyssa aquatica ) which nearly!

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