Egbert of Wessex campaigns in Dumnonia; conquers region. This is long enough to establish an academic consensus against the spelling, and Ecgberht is now much the most common … The empire of the Franks was secure under the reign of Charlemagne but, when he died in 814 CE, he was succeeded by his son Louis the Pious (r. 814-840 CE) who had greater difficulty managing his enormous realm. Nothing is known of his youth beyond his possible relation to Eahlmund and the claim that he could trace his ancestry back to Cerdic (r. 519-540 CE), the founder and first king of Wessex.Thi… Ancient History Encyclopedia. Unlike many of his fellow Christians in Wessex, Ecbert possesses an understanding of a pagan culture like the Vikings, mainly as a result of his fascination with the Romans and their world-view prior to their Christianization. $50.00 0 Bids 3d 14h. Egbert died of natural causes in 839 CE and his son Aethelwulf succeeded him without opposition due to support from the church. In 836 CE, the Danes invaded at Charmouth (modern-day Carhampton in Somerset) with a fleet of 35 ships and were met by Egbert and his army. He maintained Mercian superiority in the region and Wessex operated as more or less his puppet kingdom. King Egbert of Wessex. Ecgberht of Northumbriawasthe son of King Aelle. He takes Athelstan into his confidence, sensing that men like his son, the devout Prince [[Aethelwulf]], and his advisor, the Bishop [[Edmund]], wo… Egbert (also spelt Ecgberht) (c. 775 –839) was King of Wessex from 802 until 839. thirty-two surviving coins issued under Ecgberht, king of the West Saxons (802–39), from a mint (or mints) in Wessex. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Egbert was gathering the forces which would win the Battle of Ellandun & shatter Mercian supremacy. The … England Around 910 CEby Philg88 (CC BY-SA). ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Mercia. Egbert was a warrior King of Wessex who managed briefly to dominate the other kingdoms between 802-839 when he died. unnamed wife of King Egbert of Wessex; Authority control Q154934 ISNI: 0000 0003 9994 0977 VIAF ID: 295559558 GND ID: 119009285 Library of Congress authority ID: nb2008005344 Oxford Dictionary of National Biography ID: 8581. 2 Following the lead of Michael Dolley, it has been customary to attribute these pennies to either Southampton or Winchester. He was the second of five sons of King Æthelwulf. His Kentish origin is supported by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles but has been called into question by recent scholarship claiming he was originally from Wessex. Beorhtric becomes king of Wessex with Mercian support; Egbert in exile in Francia. Egbert (Ecgberht in Anglo Saxon) king of Wessex (802-39), and the first Saxon king recognized as sovereign of all England . Egbert was the first king of Wessex to completely subdue Mercia and the stability he provided allowed for further development of the kingdom as well as the resources to withstand the Viking raids. Wiglaf (r. 827-829, 830-839 CE) then took the throne and did his best to retain some form of Mercian autonomy from Wessex. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Mercia. Ealhmund's wife is not known, however, he is identified as the father of: Ecgberht, King of Wessex Under Egbert, Surrey, Sussex, Kent, Essex, and Mercia, along with parts of Dumnonia, were conquered. Kingship, a worldwide phenomenon, can be elective, as in medieval Germany, but is usually hereditary; it may be absolute or constitutional and…. Æthelwulf est roi du Wessex de 839 à sa mort, le 13 janvier 858. Last modified November 19, 2018. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Egbert of Wessex → Ecgberht, King of Wessex – Wikipedia policy is that titles should reflect reliable sources, and the list of works above shows that, apart from one reprint, the spelling 'Egbert' has not been used in academic works since 2000. The entry for 838 CE continues: “When he [Egbert] heard this, he proceeded with his army against them and fought with them at Hengeston where he put to flight both”, winning the field and dispersing the enemy. The Vikings were diverse Scandinavian seafarers from Norway, Sweden... Reign of Eahlmund of Kent, Egbert's probable father. Baldred of Kent, client king, deposed by Egbert; Egbert rules Kent with his son Aethelwulf as client king. During the period when Wiglaf returned as King of Mercia, Sigered is recorded as king of the East Saxons in a lease of land in Hertfordshire dated [829/37]  . By c. 830 CE, Wessex controlled resources & trade from the south of Britain all the way through to the north. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. In 828 CE he conquered North-Wales and in 829 CE he accepted the submission of the Kingdom of Northumbria and, at the same time, drove Wiglaf from his throne and took direct control of Mercia. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Some never locate a single specimen, whilst luckier searchers achieve their aim. In 850, Æthelbald's elder brother Æthelstan defeated the Vikings in the first recorded sea battle in English history, but he is not recorded afterwards and … Mercia was an autonomous state by 831 CE, operating without regard to Wessex’s interests, but it was nowhere near as powerful as it had been and never would be again. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Egbert seems to have taken time to assemble his military and resources and then met the Mercian armies and defeated them at the Battle of Ellandun in 825 CE. Offa died in 796 CE and Ecgfrith, his successor, soon after. Ecgberht, King of Wessex primary name: Egbert other name: Ecgberht other name: Egbercht Details individual; ruler; royal/imperial; English; Anglo-Saxon; Male . He died in 0839, in his hometown, at the age of 64, and was buried in Winchester, Hampshire, England. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. "King Egbert of Wessex." In 829 he conquered Mercia itself, but he lost it in the following year to the Mercian king Wiglaf. Cenwulf of Mercia died in 821 CE and was succeeded by his brother Ceolwulf I (r. 821-823 CE) who was then deposed by the nobleman Beornwulf (r. 823-826 CE) while Egbert was gathering his forces which would win the Battle of Ellandun and shatter Mercian supremacy. Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. Nothing is known of his youth beyond his possible relation to Eahlmund and the claim that he could trace his ancestry back to Cerdic (r. 519-540 CE), the founder and first king of Wessex. He married Rædburh of Francia in Wessex. Egbert, also spelled Ecgberht, or Ecgbryht, (died 839), king of the West Saxons from 802 to 839, who formed around Wessex a kingdom so powerful that it eventually achieved the political unification of England (mid-10th century). Related Content Written by Joshua J. Issue. Æthelberht ([ˈæðelbeo̯rˠxt] ; also spelled Ethelbert or Aethelberht) was the King of Wessex from 860 until his death in 865. He was the son of a Kentish noble but claimed descent from Cerdic (reigned 519-34), founder of Wessex, the kingdom of the West Saxons in southern England. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne. Egbert was possibly born in Kent, “the son of the short-lived ruler of that kingdom called Eahlmund r. 784-785 CE” (Collins,196). An Anglo-Saxon coin of any description is on the wish-list of lots of detectorists. Although Wessex did not retain the kind of power it had over Mercia after c. 830 CE, Egbert could still mobilize a force and win battles as late as 838 CE, one year before his death. Scholar C. Warren Hollister credits early Viking raids in the region with the consolidation of Wessex’s power in that both Northumbria and Mercia had been destabilized by the Vikings beginning in c. 793 CE (127). Linking Egbert to Cerdic would have enhanced his status and it was a fairly common practice for the scribes of kings to attribute to their liege impressive pedigrees even if they could not be proven. At his death, he was so powerful that the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles refer to him as Ruler of Britain, not just King of Wessex. He had succeeded his father originally to the Kingdom of Kent (believed to be … Throughout his reign, Charlemagne had engaged almost incessantly in successful military campaigns. His Kentish origin is supported by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles but has been called into question by recent scholarship claiming he was originally from Wessex. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. In 786 CE, Cynewulf of Wessex died and the nobleman Beorhtric (r. 786-802 CE) was in line to assume the throne but was challenged by Egbert – who seemingly comes out of nowhere to assert his right to rule Wessex (thus arguing for Wessex nobility as his origin). Cite This Work Ecgberht, King of WessexVue d'ensemble. The Vikings did not engage in battle the same way the West Franks or West Saxons did and, after Charmouth, Egbert knew this and was better prepared for them in 838 CE. Egbert of Wessex (l. c. 770-839 CE, r. 802-839 CE; also given as Ecgberht, Ecbert) was the most powerful and influential king of Wessex prior to the reign of Alfred the Great (r. 871-899 CE). Mark, Joshua J. Even so, Charlemagne did nothing at this time to upset Offa’s plans in Wessex – possibly because Beorhtric had a legitimate claim to the throne which superseded Egbert’s. Æthelwulf. "King Egbert of Wessex." Ecgberht 771/775 – 839, also spelled Egbert, Ecgbert, or Ecgbriht, Ecgbeorht, was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. $50.00 0 Bids 4d 12h. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Æthelberht was first recorded as a witness to a charter in 854. He immediately removed Wessex from the Mercian confederation and consolidated his power as an independent ruler. License. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles, the Viking-Dumnonia forces seem to have declared war on Wessex and taken up a position in present-day Cornwall, daring Egbert to meet them. For the 7th century king of Kent, see Ecgberht of Kent. See Details. King Æþelwulf of Wessex died on 13th January 858 AD. Then sent he his son, Aethelwulf into Kent with a large detachment from the main body of the army, accompanied by his bishop, Elstan, and his alderman, Wulfherd; who drove Baldred, the king, northward over the Thames. Egbert was possibly born in Kent, “the son of the short-lived ruler of that kingdom called Eahlmund r. 784-785 CE” (Collins,196). Just as the Vikings were easily defeated by the Shore Guard of West Francia in 820 CE, it is likely that Egbert was defeated in 836 CE for the same reason: he had no idea what to expect from his opponents. A year before his death Egbert won a stunning victory over Danish and Cornish Briton invaders at Hingston Down (now in Cornwall). His father was Ealhmund of Kent.In the 780s Ecgberht was forced into exile to Charlemagne's court in the Frankish Empire by Offa of Mercia & Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Ecgberht famous and took a throne. It was not just the magnitude of the empire that posed a challenge, however, but the loss of the commanding presence of Charlemagne. Mercia had lost territory, power, and prestige but was still ruled by Mercian kings. Crowned at … Mark, J. J. Egbert came to the throne at a time when the neighboring Kingdom of Mercia had dominated Wessex and controlled the sitting king Beorhtric (786-802 CE) through an alliance sealed by marriage. This achievement should not be seen as a true unification of the kingdoms it was as fleeting in historical terms, as the supremacy of the Mercian Kings, Ethelbald and Offa. Scholars who claim Wessex declined in the 830’s CE point to Egbert’s defeat by the Vikings in 836 CE but this was a single loss to a previously unknown opponent and hardly characterizes a decline. These campaigns were probably encouraged by Dumnonia’s lucrative ports and trade contacts, skill in metalworking, and other resources Egbert would require to enlarge and equip an army. Nevertheless, Egbert succeeded to Beorhtric’s throne in 802. What exactly the Vikings did after the Battle of Charmouth is unknown but there is no doubt they remained in the region because, in 838 CE, they and the army of Dumnonia met Egbert and his army at the Battle of Hingston Down. His father was Ealhmund of Kent.In the 780s Ecgberht was forced into exile to Charlemagne's court in the Frankish Empire by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Ecgberht returned and took the throne. He surrendered to Ecgberht King of Wessex after the defeat of Cenwulf King of Mercia in 825 . The entry in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles for 825 CE reads: Egbert, king of the West-Saxons, and Beornwulf, king of Mercia, fought a battle at Wilton [modern day Wiltshire], in which Egbert gained the victory, but there was great slaughter on both sides. King of Wessex; Reign: 802 – 839: Predecessor: Beorhtric: Successor: Æthelwulf: King of Kent; Reign: 825 – 839 : Predecessor: Baldred: Successor: … $40.00 0 Bids 17h 2m. During the late 8th century, when King Offa of Mercia (reigned 757-96) ruled most of England, Egbert … 19/05/2020 Dernier match 334-255-1 Record 56.61% Pourcentage de victoire Æthelbald (died 860) was King of Wessex from 855 to 860. By the time Egbert was born in c. 770 CE, Mercia was the dominant power and was ruling Kent through client-kings (as they had, on and off, from as early as 664 CE). The Vikings appear to have made a treaty with the Cornish people of Dumnonia, who had been subject to Wessex since Egbert’s campaigns in c. 815 CE. Even though Mercia would later assert itself and reclaim some of its lands and independence, it would never be the power it had been before Ellandun. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Corrections? The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle entry for that year states how “a great slaughter was made there and the Danes remained masters of the field” indicating a significant victory for the Viking raiders. AR Penny. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. His defeat in 836 CE, sometimes attributed to a lack of resources or support from Louis the Pious, could as easily have been caused by lack of preparation and surprise. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It is probable that he did engage in duplicity and back-door deals to achieve his ends but in this, he would have been no different than Charlemagne or any other leader, past or present. The entry in the Chronicles for 825 CE stating that Egbert sent Aethelwulf to Kent to depose Baldred is considered off by a few months or a year and that probably happened in 826 CE. Details of the Battle of Ellandun have been lost, or were never recorded, and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles are notorious for brief and tantalizing entries so there is no account of how Egbert mobilized or led his army. The historian Roger Collins, for example, refers to him as “the Kentish adventurer”, not a noble or prince, and credits his later prominence in history to “West Saxon propaganda” (196). Ecbert of Wessex Played by Linus Roacheby The HISTORY Channel (Copyright, fair use). Egbert remained in exile in Francia at this time but, when Beorhtric died in 802 CE, Charlemagne seems to have supported Egbert’s bid for power and he became king of Wessex. A freelance writer and former part-time Professor of Philosophy at Marist College, New York, Joshua J. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. His father was Ealhmund of Kent. Historically, Ecgberht was installed by the Vikings as a puppet king of Northumbria in … Although Egbert would retain control of the north, his grasp on Mercia slipped in 830 CE when Wiglaf returned from exile and regained his throne. Sculpture of Charlemagne - Abbey of Saint John at Müstair, by The HISTORY Channel (Copyright, fair use). We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Clash Royale CLAN TAG #URR8PPP For the 7th century king of Kent, see Ecgberht of Kent. Whereupon the men of Kent submitted to him; as did also the inhabitants of Surrey and Sussex, and Essex. Æþelwulf was the son of Ecgberht, King of Wessex and he came to the throne, and descended from Ine’s … Other dates 769-771-839 (birth date uncertain) Biography King of the West Saxons;. Beorhtric was supported by Offa, however, who sealed a contract with Wessex by marrying his daughter Eadburh to Beorhtric; Egbert was driven into exile and fled to Francia. In the TV series Vikings, Egbert is seen granting land to Viking settlers he will later betray, sending Aethelwulf to slaughter the Viking settlement, and later granting land to other Vikings when he has earlier secretly abdicated rule to Aethelwulf. The new coin may be described as follows: Obv. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne.He was the father of Athelwulf of Wessex. Afterwards, he swiftly took Mercian territory, installed his son Aethelwulf (r. 839-858 CE) as sub-king, and neutralized Mercian aggression. The Chronicles note a string of victories following Ellandun and in 827 CE states: “Egbert, in the course of the same year, conquered the Mercian kingdom, and all that is south of the Humber, being the eighth king who was sovereign of all the British dominions.”. Historian Heather Edwards has suggested that Ealhmund was probably a Kentish royal scion, whose pedigree was forged to give his son Egbert the descent from Cerdic requisite to reigning in Wessex. This claim is made by later genealogies, however, which were written by the scribes of Wessex after Egbert had already established himself as a powerful king and so may not be reliable. This assault was easily repelled by the Shore Guard because the Vikings were surprised by the resistance they met; but they would return later in greater force and be far better prepared. In the 820’s CE, Louis the Pious would still have been able to spare resources to support Egbert in Wessex but, as that decade progressed, he was contending with Slavic incursions, rebellions, and then a series of civil wars and so had his own problems to deal with. Although later scribes quite likely did embellish on Egbert’s lineage to link him with Cerdic, there is nothing in the contemporary accounts which support the claim that Egbert was anything less than a capable and efficient medieval king. He established his rule over Kent, Essex, Sussex, Cornwall, much of modern Wales, and set his sights on Mercia, the erstwhile though oft-contested dominant power in Britain. Instead, in c 815 CE, Egbert led his armies west to conquer the region of Dumnonia (modern Cornwall) on his border. Many different theories have been suggested for the cause of Mercia’s revival but the most probable is loss of support for Wessex from the Carolingian Empire. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Throughout the character’s appearance in Vikings, he is routinely depicted as clever, conniving, and untrustworthy which, as noted, has no historical basis but may draw upon supposition concerning his rise to power and consolidation of Wessex. If one assumes a Kentish origin, then he would have grown up during the period of Mercian supremacy of the kingdom. King Cuthred of Wessex (r. 740-756 CE) had defeated Mercia and elevated Wessex (and so Kent) during his reign but these gains were lost during the reigns of his successors Sigeberht (r. 756-757 CE) and Cynewulf (r. 757-786 CE). AR Penny .Duda, moneyer. Web. Mark has lived in Greece and Germany and traveled through Egypt. This characterization is possibly drawn from the historical Egbert’s initiatives in consolidating his kingdom but is largely fictionalized and without any detailed historical basis. The tendency among historians is to either downplay Egbert’s contributions entirely or attribute them to double-dealing or later exaggeration. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Robert Hawker is one of the lucky ones, for he found the Anglo-Saxon coin shown here. His current state is unknown, but is presumed dead along with the rest of his family. He has taught history, writing, literature, and philosophy at the college level. Burgred. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned … Ecbert appreciates that the Roman gods allowed them rule the world and grasps the implications of that notion. 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